Trafficking routes

More than 100,000 Rohingya Muslims have fled religious violence and poverty in Myanmar since 2012. Most of the Rohingya land on the coast of Thailand and pass through camps into Malaysia.

Current situation

Estimated number of Rohingya and Bangladeshi migrants by location and status, from May 1-27.

Mass graves

Malaysia has found 139 graves, and signs of torture, in more than two dozen squalid human trafficking camps suspected to have been used by gangs smuggling migrants across the border with Thailand.

Root of the problem

Most of Myanmar's 1.1 million Rohingya Muslims live in apartheid-like conditions in Rakhine state on the west coast of the predominantly Buddhist country, and over 140,000 are displaced after deadly clashes with ethnic Rakhine Buddhists in 2012.

Note: IDPs are mostly but not exclusively Rohingya.

Sources: United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR); International Org. for Migration (IOM); Reuters