As Australia's traditional wine growing regions, including the Barossa, the Hunter Valley and Margaret River grow hotter and drier due to climate change, winemakers are moving to the cool climate of Tasmania.
Australia's wine regions
Tasmania, in contrast to the mainland, has decades before it reaches peak production, with some areas in the state still too cold to grow wine. It's becoming known for its pinot noir, a delicate, thin-skinned varietal that can't be grown in the Barossa, Margaret River or Hunter Valley.
A changing climate
Temperature change projections *
Rainfall change projections *
The wine industry
Shiraz is the number one grape variety in Australia, covering 42,000 hectares of vineyard. Along with Chardonnay, the two varieties make up 45% of the total grape production.
Top grape varieties grown
Production for wine-making
Businesses producing grapes - may produce more than one variety**
* Projections shown are 50th percentile estimates with medium emissions. ** 6,251 businesses. A minimum size cut-off of $5,000 was applied to determine whether a business was included in the dataset, as well as being identified on the Australian Bureau of Statistics' Business Register as a wine grape grower/vineyard. Businesses may produce more than one variety of grape so could be represented twice in the chart.
Sources: Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2012 Vineyards collection; Wine Australia.
Graphic by S. Scarr, C. Chan, F. Foo - Updated: 30 June 2014